|The Peppara Wildlife Sanctuary lies 50 kilometers north east of the capital Trivandrum. At the heart of the sanctuary lies the Peppara Dam spanning the Karamana River. The area was declared a protected sanctuary in 1983. Since then the wildlife of the Peppara Wildlife Sanctuary has grown by leaps and bounds, and the sanctuary is now home to elephants, gaur, sambar, wild boar, panthers and many other animal and bird species.
This sanctuary has tropical, evergreen and deciduous forests spread over an area of 53 square kilometers. The hilly parts of the sanctuary harbor tropical forests. These green forests are found at a height of 1000 meters or more. The lower slopes are ideal for tropical forests, and the foothills harbor the deciduous forests. The mixed vegetation and topography of the Peppara Wildlife Sanctuary ensure that there are many kind of bird and animals species found at the sanctuary.
The elephants, tigers, panther and gaur are some of the larger denizens of the Peppara Wildlife Sanctuary. The smaller denizens include sambar, mouse deer, barking deer, and primates like langur, macaque etc. The fierce wild dogs, or dholes mentioned in Rudyard Kipling's "The Jungle Book" are also to be found here, hunting prey in large, well-coordinated packs. The birds include water birds like cormorants, egrets, kingfishers and kingfishers. Apart from this, one can also find reptiles like the King Cobra and pythons hiding under the moist, rocky crevices. Peppara Wildlife Sanctuary is also famed for its butterfly population. You can see these playful, many hued creatures flying from flower to flower, or frolicking with each other under the warm Kerala sun.
At Peppara Wildlife Sanctuary, there are 13 tribal settlements. The tribes have a fascinating culture untouched by modern life bustling outside the sanctuary.
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